In spite of the fact that carpet weaving in Ghom started almost seventy years ago, it gained widespread recognition and fame for the attractive designs, agreeable colours and nice texture of its carpet within Iran and in all the other parts of the world. For this reason, the carpets woven in the nearby cities of Sflveh and Shahreza sometimes are traded under the name of Ghom.
After the Second World War, carpet weaving in Ghom started on commercial grounds, and its fame increased rapidly as the colours, the fibres and the dyes used for weaving were good quality.
In the past and at present, Ghom is one of the most important centres for producing silk, Kork and silk-touch (Got-A brisham)carpets.
The size are mostly Zar-o-nim, Do-zar and the carpets of 4, 6, 7and 12 sq. m. Warp and weft are mainly of very finely spun cotton. In silk rugs the weft are also of silk.
The carpets are woven in the Persian knots with 2.500 up to 10.000 knots per sq. dm. Silk carpets even more than this. The colour of the carpets woven in Ghom are as vast and various as its designs.
The dyers utilise natural or steady chemical colour, preferably pastel, turquoise, mustard, golden yellow, bright red, dark blue and beige.
Instead of drawing and designing their own patterns, the weavers prefer to change slightly the design of the carpets which has a great demand in other weaving centres of Iran. In this case, one can be mistake, identify a rug or a carpet of Ghom as a carpet of Kashan or Esfahan but this error never occurs in Tabriz carpets as these are always woven with "Ghiordes" knots whereas the weavers of Ghom utilise the "Senneh" knots.
The designs which are mostly used are: repeated panels, paisley (Botteh) profusion, tree design, Shah-Abbasi medallion and corner, overall Shah-Abbasi, Moharramt open ground medallion, inscriptive Mehrabi repetition